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Democracy & Governance in India
Book ID SCS293
ISBN No. 978-81-8054-842-0 (TC-1057)
Book Name Democracy & Governance in India
Book sub-title Second Edition 2011, Reprint 2013, 2016
Author/s name/s : Tayal B.B.
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Publisher Name Sultan Chand & Sons
Publishing Year 2011
Book Price (Printed) INR 300   
Book Price (Our Price) INR 300   
Book Size 18 x 24 cm.
Book Page xvi + 360
Book Weight 550 gms.

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Book Summary

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Book Content

Chapter 1 : Structure and Process of Governance : Indian Model of Democracy

  • Structures of Democracy
  • Process of Governance
  • The Success of Democratic Governance
  • How to promote Better Governance?

Chapter 2 : The Union Parliament

  • Meaning of Parliament
  • Composition and Organisation of Lok Sabha
  • Composition and Organisation of Rajya Sabha
  • Parliament is a Multi-Functional Institution : Role and Powers of Parliament
  • Parliament as an Institution of Socio-Economic Change
  • Parliamet’s Influece has declined
  • Relationship and Points of Difference between the Two Houses of Parliament
  • Parliamentary Committees
  • Parliamentary Procedures
  • Process of Legislation (Legislative Procedure)
  • Amendment to the Constitution

Chapter 3 : Party Politics in India

  • Definition and Characteristics of Political Party
  • Growth of Political Parties in India
  • Various Phases of the Party System (Party Politics) in India
  • Main Features and Emerging Trends in Party Politics and Problems Faced by the Political Parties      
  • Working of the Coalition Governments in India
  • Major National Parties
  • Indian National Congress
  • Bharatiya Janata Party
  • Communist Party of India (CPI)
  • Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M)
  • Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP)
  • The Regional or State Parties
  • Role and Effects of the Regional Parties
  • Differences Between a National Party and a Regional Party
  • Role of Opposition in India

Chapter 4 : Electoral Behaviour in India

  • What is Meant by Universal Adult Franchise?
  • Adult Franchise in India
  • Significance of Electoral (Political) Participation : Importance of Elections in a Democracy
  • Level of Electoral Participation
  • Factors Influencing Electoral Behaviour
  • Patterns and Trends in Voters’ Behaviour
  • Suggestions for Electoral Reforms

Chapter 5 : Indian Federalism

  • Federal Features of the Constitution of India
  • The Federal Design is Mainly Centralist
  • India Remains Basically a Federation
  • Why does Constitution Create a Strong Centre?
  • Centre-State Relations : Distribution of Powers Between Union and States
  • Working of Federalism in India
  • Tension and Strain in Centre-State Relations
  • Means to Strengthen the Federal Ties : Recommendations of the Sarkaria Commission and Decisions taken at Inter-State Council Meetings

Chapter 6 : The Supreme Court and Judicial Activism

  • Necessity of A Supreme Court
  • Composition and Organisation of the Supreme Court
  • Jurisdiction and Powers of the Supreme Court
  • Supreme Court’s Power of Judicial Review : Its Role as Guardian and Final Interpreter of the Constitution
  • Significance and Utility of Judicial Review
  • Independence and Impartiality of the Supreme Court
  • Judicial Activism
  • A Few Examples of Judicial Activism
  • A Critical Evaluation of Judicial Activism and Public Interest Litigation
  • Accountability of Judiciary

Chapter 7 : Units of Local Governance : Grassroots Democracy

  • India is a Country of Enormous Size and Diversities
  • Meaning and Significance of Local Governance, i.e., Democracy at the Grassroots
  • Evolution of Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs)
  • The New Panchayati Raj System : Panchayati Raj Act, 1993
  • Panchayati Raj System : Its Various Patterns, Achievements, Shortcomings and Remedial Measures
  • Urban Local Governance
  • Problems of Urban Local Government

Chapter 8 : Institutions in Public Policy

  • What is Public Policy?
  • The Institutions
  • What does an Institution do?
  • Who makes an Institution?
  • How does an Institution undergo a change?
  • How do Institutions affect public Policies?
  • Institutions and Social Justice

Chapter 9 : The Role of Experts in Policy Making

  • The Experts
  • How does Expertise Develop?
  • Who Engages Experts?
  • How are the Experts able to Influence the Discourse Regarding Public Policy?
  • Experts in Indian Policy Making Organisations

Chapter 10 : The Planning Commission

  • Economic Planning
  • Planning in India
  • Objectives of Planning in India
  • Who Plans : The Planning Commission
  • Organisational Structure of the Planning Commission
  • Planning Commission—A Repository of Expertise

Chapter 11 : Union Finance Ministry and Annual Budgetary Regime

  • The Political Leadership
  • The Bureaucratic Set-up
  • The Expenditure Department
  • The Economic Affairs Department
  • The Revenue Department
  • The Budget: Expenditure and Revenue
  • The Expenditure Budget
  • The Revenue Budget
  • The Annual Budgetary Regime
  • Economic and Functional Classification
  • Budget at a Glance
  • Zero-base Budgeting (ZBB)
  • Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003
  • FRBM Act: An Appraisal

Chapter 12 : The Fiscal Federalism in India

  • Need for Transfer of Revenue from the Centre to the States
  • Allocation of Financial Powers between the Centre and the States
  • Classification of Taxes on Basis of Who Levies, Collects and Uses them
  • Sources of Revenue for the States
  • Sources of Revenue for the Central Government
  • The Disparities in Economic Conditions Prevailing in Different States
  • Grants-in-Aid
  • Provisions Regarding Loans
  • Characteristic Features of Indian Federal Fiscal System

Chapter 13 : The Finance Commission

  • Responsibilities of the Finance Commission
  • Recommendations of the First Ten Finance Commissions
  • The Eleventh Finance Commission
  • Measures to Reduce Budgetary Deficit
  • An Appraisal

Chapter 14 : The Thirteenth Finance Commission

  • The Terms of Reference
  • The Recommendations
  • Finances of Union and States
  • Goods and Services Tax (GST)
  • Sharing of Union Tax Revenues
  • Revised Roadmap for Fiscal Consolidation
  • Local Bodies
  • Disaster Relief
  • Grants in Aid to States
  • Finance Commission: An Appraisal

Chapter 15 : The Reserve Bank of India

  • Evolution of the Reserve Bank of India
  • Organisational Structure of the RBI
  • Functions of the RBI
  • The Supervisory Functions
  • Promotional Functions
  • Monetary Policy of the RBI

Chapter 16 : The Commercial Banks in India

  • The Definition of a Bank
  • Types of Bank Deposits
  • Lending and Credit Creation
  • Other Functions of Banks
  • Evolution and Development of Banking
  • Scheduled Commercial Banks

Chapter 17 : Non-Bank Financial Institutions

  • Non-Bank Financial Companies
  • Different Types of NBFCs
  • NBFC versus Commercial Banks
  • The RBI’s Regulatory Framework for NBFCs
  • The Regulatory Norms for NBFCs
  • The RBI Direction to NBFCs
  • Prudential Norms for Public Deposit Accepting NBFCs

Chapter 18 : The Monetary Policy and Controls in India

  • The Monetary Policy
  • The Instruments of Monetary Control
  • Bank Rate and Credit Creation by Commercial Banks
  • Cash Reserve Ratio
  • Statutory Liquidity Ratio
  • The Open Market Operations
  • The Qualitative or Selective Credit Controls
  • Moral Suasion

Chapter 19 : Capital Market

  • Financial Market : Money Market and Capital Market
  • Links between the Money Market and the Capital Market
  • Primary and Secondary Capital Markets
  • Main Characteristics of Financial Markets in India
  • Need for a Stringent Regulatory Framework
  • Satyam Fiasco and its Aftermath

Chapter 20 : Regulatory Institutions in India

  • Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices
  • Securities and Exchange Board of India
  • SEBI : Organisation
  • The Scope, Functions and Powers
  • SEBI : An Appraisal
  • Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority
  • Duties, Powers and Functions
  • An Appraisal
  • Telecom Regulatory Authority of India
  • The Organisation
  • Powers and Functions of TRAI
  • The Competition Commission
  • The Composition
  • The Powers, Duties and Functions
  • The Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board

Chapter 21 : Lobbying Institutions and Non Government Organisations (NGOs)

  • Lobbying in Feudal Times
  • Lobbying during early British Rule in India
  • Special Business Interest Lobbies
  • Assocham : The Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India
  • Confederation of Indian Industry (CII)
  • The Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industries (FICCI)
  • Other Lobbying Institutions
  • The Non-Government Organisations (NGOs)

Chapter 22 : The Trade Unions

  • Lobbying Institutions
  • Meaning, Significance, Aims and Objectives of the Trade Unions : Their Role and Functions
  • Beginnings of the Trade Union Movement
  • Origins of Trade Unions in India
  • Foundation of the All-India Trade Union Congress (AITUC)
  • The Post-Independence Era
  • The Challenge of the Times and Means of Strengthening the Trade Unions

Chapter 23 : The Farmers Associations

  • Definition of Peasantry
  • Impact of the British Rule on Indian Peasantry
  • Rural Unrest in India
  • Formation of the Farmers Associations
  • Post-Independence Period : Peasant Movements and Farmers Associations
  • Psychological Characteristics of the Peasantry : Reasons Why the Kisan Movement Remained Weaker

Chapter 24 : Political Economy of Development-I (Evolution of Industrial Policy—1949-90)

  • Industrial Policy Statement, 1948 (IPS-1948)
  • IPS-1948 and Development Policy Debate
  • The First Five-Year Plan : Gandhians V/s Modernists
  • The Industrial Policy Resolution, 1956
  • IPR-1956 : Aftermath
  • Industrial Policy Statement, 1977
  • Industrial Policy, 1980s

Chapter 25 : Political Economy of Development–II (Liberalisation of Indian Economy)

  • The Balance of Payments and Trade Policy in India
  • Devaluation of Rupee : 1966
  • Trade Policies during 1960s
  • The Green Revolution
  • The Problems and Policies during 1970s
  • The Balance of Payments Policy : 1980s
  • ‘Empty Coffers’ and Payments Crisis—1991
  • The Payments Crisis 1991 and Policy Response
  • The New Economic Policy Package
  • External Sector (Import) Liberalisation
  • Industrial Policy Liberalisation
  • Taxation Reforms and Control over Fiscal Deficit
  • Financial Sector Opening Up
  • Agricultural Sector Opening Up
  • Labour Laws Liberalisation
  • New Approach towards Public Sector Undertakings
  • Socio-Economic Infrastructure
  • Transparency in Governance : e-governance
  • The Current Scenerio—A Summing Up

Chapter 26 : Dynamics of Civil Society : New Social Movements and Various Interests

  • What is meant by a Civil Society?
  • Dynamics of a Civil Society
  • Meaning and Features of Social Movements
  • The New Social Movements
  • Techniques and Strategies of the Social Movements

Chapter 27 : Political Significance of Media and Popular Culture

  • The Mass Media
  • Evolution of the Press in India
  • Electronic Media : All-India Radio
  • Electronic Media : The Television
  • Political Significance of Mass Media
  • How Did the Media Strengthen Civil Society and Deal with Major Issues from time to Time?
  • Media and Popular Culture
  • Freedom of Press and Electronic Media
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